Blood pressure is one of the most common predictors of other diseases, including stroke, heart attacks , kidney failure and dementia. It naturally increases over our lifetime, but there are many lifestyle changes you can make which can positively impact your blood pressure.
In the UK, high blood pressure is the third biggest risk factor for all disease after smoking and poor diet.
Your blood pressure reading indicates how hard your blood is being pushed through your arteries by the heart. As we age our arteries have a reduction in elastic tissue and become stiffer and more narrow making the heart work harder to pump the blood round our body. When there is consistently high blood pressure, it can cause the heart to enlarge, which is less effective than a normal sized heart.
Any doctor's surgery or clinic can measure your blood pressure. It is also easy to do this at home with your own equipment. Take multiple measurements at different times of the day and follow instructions on any device you buy.
As a general guide:
Ideal blood pressure is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg
High blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher
Low blood pressure is considered to be 90/60mmHg or lower
Ref: NHS website
If you discover you have high blood pressure contact a medical professional immediately.
Approximately 54% of strokes and 47% of coronary heart diseases, worldwide, are attributable to high Blood Pressure
Reference 2015 study
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